The Roswell Incident

The Roswell Incident


This evening we’re going to explore the story… That almost everyone gets wrong. There are… hundreds of feature-length documentaries on the subject… And all of them are a waste of your time. Because this is the true story… of ‘The Roswell Incident’. The story begins before the crash in 1947. It begins with a scientist… Professor Maurice Ewing. Who is helping the U.S. military develop new weapons and tools in the ‘Second World War’. So he discovers one thing… and he invents another. His specialization is in oceanography. Important to the military because they won’t be able to detect submarines and local waters… and develop more sophisticated versions of their own. The discovery is… ‘The Sound Channel’. I’ll explain why this is important, just stay with me. It turns out… that there’s this spot at about a thousand feet deep in the ocean. With the salinity, temperature, and density of the water prevents sound waves from being able to easily carry either up or down. So instead, they travel much further horizontally without dissipating. Why is this important of interesting? Well… It means that large disturbances underwater at this precise depth, can be heard… for thousands of miles away… if using the right equipment. So Maurice starts thinking about the practical applications. And he comes up, with an invention. He calls it… a ‘SOFAR Sphere’. Here’s an example of how it works. Lets say you’re a pilot fighting the Japanese over the Pacific Ocean. You’re momentarily distracted, and your plane goes down Well… Now you’re bobbing around in the middle of the ocean… and nobody knows where you are. W H A T D O ? Well… You reach into your survival kit… and drop a ‘SOFAR Sphere’. Think of it like a pocket-sized depth charge… except without the explosives. It has no moving parts. No electronics. Instead is very precisely calibrated so that when it sinks to 1,000 feet… It implodes. *B O O P* The sound waves carry a couple of thousand miles to the shoreline… where they’ve installed a bunch of underwater microphones. Then using some basic trigonometry… you can compare the time it takes for the sound hit one mic from another… to triangulate where the sound came from. And like that… we suddenly know where your downed pilot is. But before it was able to be used… the war ended… and the device was shelved. Although… Professor Ewing was kept on the military payroll… because a whole new conflict was ramping up… the ‘Cold War’. The concern here was missiles and nuclear weapons. So attention shifted from the ocean… to the atmosphere. So he thinks, “Wait a minute… if there’s a sound channel in the ocean… maybe there’s one in the sky too.” Turns out there is… at a hundred and fifty five thousand feet. So… if there’s a large sound… let’s say… a nuclear explosion in Russia… you should be able to hear that all the way in the United States… if you have a bunch of microphones set up at this height. That means you know the exact location, time, and potential power of every single above-ground nuclear test being conducted by your enemy. Well before you had anything like satellite technology. They call this… ‘Project Mogul’. It was a series of high-altitude weather balloons… with sensitive microphones attached. In 1947, one of them fell from the sky… and crashed down in a rancher’s backyard. And some people with large imaginations… said it was aliens. The military said it was a weather balloon… Then there were some conflicting reports… and people said it was a cover-up. Well of course there was. It sure beats having the Russians find out about this technology. In the following decades, better ways of detecting nuclear tests were invented… primarily seismographers. And the sound channel fell out of use. In 1992, following the fall of the ‘Berlin Wall’… all of this information became declassified… and since it has been totally available for the public to read. And that… is the story of Roswell. No aliens. Just a weather balloon. and a bunch of microphones. Good night. By the way you can find a longer version of the story… from a lecture by Doctor Richard Muller from UC Berkeley. Uh, he does a really interesting lecture series that you can still find online, and the link will be in the description.

100 Comments

  • ProudestSheep says:

    I swear to fuck I learn more on YouTube than in college where I pay thousands of dollars per semester.

  • calska140 says:

    This is way more interesting than the rumors of little green men.

  • en. says:

    "Hey! Vsauce."

  • Brett Wallace says:

    What if Maurice Ewing is an alien and he created these sound channels and used that as an excuse to fly the "balloons" so that he use them as a cover-up for his species inevitable invasion. Huh, didn't think of that did you?

  • vvreverievv says:

    I really hope they still use the technology in both planes and ships

  • Irwin Phillip says:

    4 mins 20 secs. Long. Nice…

  • VC Guerrilla says:

    If no aliens then why 4:20 mins long video ?
    Ayyy LMAO Im not a fool you lizard

  • MrMorrison226 says:

    wow history channel u couldn't just tell me this instead

  • BooB SooS says:

    fuck you it was aliens

  • Theo Dore says:

    Funny how I have never heard this in any of the totally not biased podcasts and documentaries I have seen. The balloon and the spheres were genius. Never heard of them until now. The entire reason the idea of flying saucers is a thing is because of us spying on Russia. That's the most American thing I have ever heard. I wonder if this had never happened would we have the same idea of aliens.

  • Efficial • says:

    Make more vids I’ve rewatched all ur shit already you old fuck

  • boijorzee says:

    Buh buh but, element 115 and handscanners!

  • Antonio Moyado-Green says:

    Me when I see how long the video is: nice

  • MAD STEM MAN says:

    Aliens!

    P.S. don't trust the lizars people on Youtube, that's why Historian is not showing his face. He is selling puddin' skin to the mole people to make a Bill Cosby clone robots 🤖.
    You'll never put squid eggs in my urethra you God damn dirty aliens! Hail Satan!👹 Love and kisses.

  • littlebitwonky says:

    I was there and we were definitely aliens, not a weather balloon.

  • Lmaonoob Lmfao says:

    I'm an FBI agent

  • Majora's Wrath says:

    Me: Hah! Aliens aren't real.

    sees this video's length

    is 4:20

    Me: ALIENS MAN

  • TurnTimeTable says:

    Cool but then why did former Roswell resident Astronaut Edgar Mitchell come back from the moon only to have old timers in Roswell (who had worked on the nuclear bombers base) insist on telling him about the crash, debris, having seen alien bodies and the like? Maybe they were all having a laugh at his expense but back then, he was a bonafide hero in town. He walked on the moon, was a Navy test pilot and had a doctorate from MIT in astronautics and aeronautics, and so maybe not a gullible guy as well? Also, the Roswell airbase intelligence officer Jesse Marcel told his own family the debris he is photographed with was fake because he was under orders to help destroy the UFO story. Just saying. Now the Pentagon admits to studying UFO's and has video from fighters tasked with chasing them. So it seems UFO's/UAP are in fact aircraft of unknown origin moving in ways that no one has ever seen aircraft move before, descending from space at ten's of thousands of miles per hour (on Navy radar)and clearly under intelligent control. Are they weather balloons?

  • I'm obsessed with anime says:

    in my elementary school at recess a stealth bomber flew over our school,
    everyone else swarmed to see it.
    us anime children in the back just screamed “dorito” at it

  • Jo E says:

    Anybody else watch this video After looking at the area 51 Memes

  • ImpyWorm says:

    I appreciate your dedication to facts and evidence when you try to dissuade those that believe such foolish nonsense.

    I can confirm that UFO's do NOT look like weather balloons, they look like rectangles.

  • Razqua says:

    I watched a documentary on what I think was the discovery channel a while back that explains what you just talked about. Although it goes into less detail about the actual balloon and what it is, and goes into more detail about what it was the farmer saw and why he thought it was alien, and why he was wrong. One part that was fairly interesting was that the farmer saw markings on the wood from the crashed device that he believed was some sort of alien language. Turns out the markings were actually imprints on the wood from cheap decorative tape used to hold it together.

  • New under Craft says:

    The reason that people will die on September 20th

  • Khanalas says:

    It's not 1000 ft, it's 1000 m, a kilometer. At least, that's what the lecture you linked to says.

  • C4RT1987 says:

    Hey Vsauce

  • Quinto Licinio Cato says:

    anyone know the name of the soviet song?

  • Enigma says:

    I lost it completely when Vsauce music started to play

  • Fionn Lillis says:

    At 1:00 you mean to say pressure instead of density….. we all make mistakes except Michael

  • LINK servis says:

    The only thing left unanswered is – how did you know this will become a meme in a year or so?

  • SS4 Dr says:

    3:48 HEY V SAUCE

  • O.N's Home says:

    Propaganda

  • fitaf anatomy says:

    Are you illuminati?

  • Gr3nadgr3gory says:

    Man am I glad that cover story is still holding up, the truth is I was drunk flying.

  • T Z says:

    Holy hell that was actually very interesting I had no idea about any of this

  • Mihailo Mancic says:

    Haha 420 is the weed number.4 min20 sec

  • Pitou says:

    Lets see dem alien tho

  • outSider Cain says:

    Still worth to naruto run to see that balloon

  • Charles Freeman says:

    What about the bodies that were there, or the fact that they said it was a flying saucer then changed their mind and said it was a weather balloon and why did they use 2 planes for the debris to be taken to Wright Patterson AFB?

  • Darius Miller says:

    Funny how you explain it in 4 minutes and those documentaries milk it up to an hour

  • QWERTY says:

    3:20 I gazed into the void and Micheal Stevens stared back at me

  • Cheesmo says:

    THIS THEORY GOT DEBUNKED

  • AI-102 says:

    battlefield theme never gets old

  • Benjamin Brady says:

    3:14 best music choice

  • Benjamin Brady says:

    Hey Vsauce, Michael here!

  • goof verdinus says:

    im still stormin area 51

  • LOXISCOOL says:

    The movie is 4:20 minutes long lol

  • nate_murdock says:

    Also should watch Lemmino.

  • Alexander Avila says:

    Longest 4 minute video I’ve ever watched.

  • GamersOnVideos says:

    2:13 i dont think thats where the japanese come from.

  • Mara Ileres says:

    Why isn't this in the main channel?

  • Tyler H says:

    Hey, vsauce, Michael here

  • Obsidian17 says:

    Hmmmmm…while this video is well made…its well made LIES!!!

  • Jomarcenter Media says:

    too soon tho… september 21 2019!!!!

  • Taliban Ghandi says:

    Why were you fighting the Japanese in the Atlantic?

  • Smoke Dragon says:

    Good to know I can show my kids this video so they know what really happened

  • heheheheheheheheheh says:

    3:20

    Hey, Vsauce. Michael here. Where are your fingers? Seriously. It's a pretty easy question. You should be able to answer it. But how do you know? How does anyone know anything?

    You might say, well, I know where my fingers are. I'm looking right at them. Or, I can touch them, I can feel them, they're right here and that's good. Your senses are a great way to learn things. In fact, we have way more than the usual five senses we talk about. For instance, your kinesthetic sense, proprioception. This is what the police evaluate during a field sobriety test. It allows you to tell where your fingers and arms and head and legs in your body is all in relation to each other without having to look or touch other things. We have way more than five senses, we have at least twice as many and then some. But they're not perfect.

    There are optical illusions, audio illusions, temperature sensation illusions, even tactile illusions. Can you turn your tongue upside down? If so, perfect. Try this. Run your finger along the outer edge of the tip of your upside down tongue. Your tongue will be able to feel your finger, but in the wrong place. Our brains never needed to develop an understanding of upside down tongue touch. So, when you touch the right side of your tongue when it's flipped over to your left side you perceive a sensation on the opposite side, where your tongue usually is but isn't when it's upside down. It's pretty freaky and cool and a little humbling, because it shows the limits of the accuracy of our senses, the only tools we have to get what's out there in here.

    The philosophy of knowledge, the study of knowing, is called epistemology. Plato famously said that the things we know are things that are true, that we believe and that we have justification for believing. those justifications might be irrational or they might be rational, they might be based on proof, but don't get too confident because proven is not a synonym for true. Luckily, there are things that we can know without needing proof, without needing to even leave the house, things that we can know as true by reason alone. These are things that we know a priori. An example would be the statement "all bachelors are unmarried." I don't have to go survey every bachelor on earth to know that that is true. All bachelors are unmarried because that's how we define the word bachelor. Of course, you have to know what the words bachelor and unmarried mean in the first place. Oh, you do? Okay. Perfect. That's great. But how do you know?

    This time I mean functionally, how do you know? Where is knowledge biologically in the brain? What are memories made out of? We are a long way from being able to answer that question completely but research has shown that memories don't exist in the brain in single locations. Instead, what we call a memory is likely made up of many different complex relationships all over the brain between lots of brain cells, neurons. A major cellular mechanism thought to underlie the formation of memories is long-term potentiation or LTP. When one neuron stimulates another neuron repeatedly that signal can be enhanced overtime LTP, wiring them more strongly together and that connection can last a long time, even an entire lifetime. A collection of different brain cells, neurons that fire together in a particular order over and over again frequently and repeatedly can achieve long-term potentiation, becoming more sensitive to each other and more ready to fire in the exact same way later on in the future. They're a physical thing in your brain, firing together more easily because you strengthen that pattern of firing. You memorized. This branching forest of firing friends looks messy, but look closer. It could be the memory of your first kiss. A living souvenir of the event. If I were to go into your brain and cut out those cells, could I make you forget your first kiss or could I make you forget where your fingers are? Only if I cut out a lot of your brain. Because memories aren't just stored in one relationship, they're stored all over the brain. The events leading up to your first kiss are stored in one network, the way it felt to the way it smelled in different networks, all added up together making what you call the memory of your first kiss.

    How many memories can you fit inside your head? What is the storage capacity of the human brain? The best we can do is a rough estimate, but given the number of neurons in the brain involved with memory and the number of different connections a single neuron can make Paul Reber at Northwestern University estimated that we can store the digital equivalent of about 2.5 petabytes of information. That's the equivalent of recording a TV channel continuously for 300 years. That's a lot of information. That is a lot of information about skills you can do and facts and people you've met, things in the real world. The world is real, right? How do you know?

    It's a difficult question, but it's not rocket science. Instead, it is asking whether or not rocket scientists even exist in the first place. The theory that the Sun moved around the earth worked great. It predicted that the Sun would rise every morning and it did. It wasn't until later that we realized what we thought was true might not be. So, do we or will we ever know true reality or are we stuck in a world where the best we can do is be approximately true? Discovering more and more useful theories every day but never actually reaching true objective actual reality. Can science or reason ever prove convincingly that your friends and YouTube videos and your fingers actually exist beyond your mind? That you don't just live in the matrix?

    No. Your mind is all that you have, even if you use instruments, like a telescope or particle accelerators. The final stop for all of that information is ultimately you. You are alone in your own brain, which technically makes it impossible to prove that anything else exists. It's called the egocentric predicament. Everything you know about the world out there depends on and is created inside your brain. This mattered so much to Charles Sanders Peirce that he drew a line between reality, the way the universe truly is, and what he called the phaneron, the world as filtered through our senses and bodies, the only information we can get. If you want to speak with certainty you live in, that is you react to and remember and experience your phaneron, not reality. The belief that only you exist and everything else, food, the universe, your friends are all figments of your mind is called solipsism. There is no way to convince a solipsist that the outside world is real. And there is no way to convince someone who doubts that the universe wasn't created just three seconds ago along with all of our memories. It's a frightening realization that we don't always know how to deal with. There's even The Matrix defense.

    In 2002 Tonda Lynn Ansley shot and killed her landlady. She argued that she believed she was in the matrix, that her crimes weren't real. By using the matrix defense, she was found not guilty by reason of insanity, because the opposite view is just way healthier and common. It's called realism. Realism is the belief that the outside world exists independently of your own phaneron. Rocks and stars and Thora Birch would continue to exist even if you weren't around to experience them. But you cannot know realism is true. All you can do is believe.

  • Willian Rivera says:

    Yes

  • Gabe Rocco says:

    Why do I keep hearing Michael? Hey vsauce

  • Camy Wamy says:

    Does this mean we aren’t invading Area 51 anymore?

  • -Gemberkoekje- says:

    Who gets shot by the Japanese in ww2 of the coast of Bermuda?

  • x10mark2 says:

    2:02 why tf was i fighting Japanese aircraft in the Atlantic

  • Kᴀɴᴏɴ says:

    s/o if you're also from roswell!

  • mythbuster1018 says:

    I don’t care what you say, I still wanna go to Area 51 and clap ET’s cheeks.

  • Blue Griffen says:

    nice

  • Luigi Mario 1997 says:

    We will all meet up in Rural Nevada and coordinate our parties. If we naruto run, we can move faster than their bullets. Lets see them microphones.

  • Jon Walworth says:

    3:17

  • DrILLIN says:

    Looks like those idiots wont be clapping alien cheeks after all

  • Michael Hovsomething says:

    Interesting. Never thought it could be a cover up of a cover up. Or more precisely, a cover story for a cover up.

  • Oppressive Cats says:

    Nice video length

  • Ronni Ron says:

    When you only save it to the watch later for the duration that is 420

    Why the hell do I hear Micheal from Vsauce at 3:22?

  • Øystein A. says:

    Paid for by the illuminati amiright?! How much, a pussi please and your souls?!1!

  • President Roosevelt II says:

    >Fighting the Japanese
    >Atlantic Ocean

  • Robert E says:

    Modern day weather balloons look like tic tacs and can elude the best fighter jets we have. 👽

  • DELIBRIUM says:

    you are just a cia drone to soothe these sheeple. don't listen to this oswald was a patsy the truth is out there

  • Jeb Bush says:

    Not true! Ayyys have been here and they haven't left. I know, Dad told me.

  • sirbadass1234 says:

    was that the battlefield theme?

  • SeagIe says:

    Song is red alert 3 soviet march

  • MrTwister456 says:

    Nice

  • Korsan 45 says:

    2:33 president Dugan fighting the Russians in WW3

  • slippy .v2 says:

    Internet Historian got $2,500 for uploading this video on the half of Big Brother

    Edit: No he didn’t

  • Just Mike says:

    Wholly molly

  • Administrator Skye says:

    Song at 2:55?

  • Administrator Skye says:

    3:08 what is that?

  • coolcat3815 says:

    hey v souse like 3 times

  • g0ats1ay3r says:

    You are the exact counterpart to Lemmio.

  • Artma says:

    Everyone will find out on September 20 this year (2019) with that Area 51 raid.

  • EvansdiAl says:

    the military first said it was a UFO after a decade of sightings and people demanding a response to such issue. the declassified files do talk about UFOs going down probably to newly installed radar systems interfering with their navigation, not without mentioning the thousands of declassified files in USA and UK talking about UFOs

  • BeaverInABlender says:

    This video screams Kurzgesagt. How am I only just watching it now?

  • Eli Bukin says:

    Yeah right, let's lie about our "weather balloons" and say it was aliens, that makes sense…
    do i look like i got hatched from the egg yesterday?

  • MAD HYDRAAA says:

    I like the use of Red Alert music at the Cold War part

  • vili toivola says:

    Why is there a sound byte of vsauce here :Dd

  • AlexNander says:

    Are we just going to ignore the Japanese pilot towing a picture of an anime girl

  • Sea games says:

    Huh … neat

  • Officer Smiles says:

    how much did the government pay you to make this

  • Paddy O'Furniture says:

    well shit, im more interested in these sound wave zones than roswell

  • Jeremy Corbachev says:

    Nice video length

  • Joshua Sweetvale says:

    I do believe the detector balloon thing. BUT 3:30 – The PR guy in the area spun the 'Yeah sure it was aliens' story as disinformation on the day of. Which backfired. Sort of. Nobody cared about the experimental aircraft anymore. ^_^

  • USS Prinz Eugen says:

    New theory, When the Area 51 charge starts to muster, the Military will role up and show a similar Power point Presentation (Cause they do love those) Explaining the Roswell Incident, and that yes, this is the place we test Secret high tech stuff, not store aliens.

  • stef vanderstraeten says:

    thank you for using that Battlefield 1942 Music

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